Tuesday, December 21, 2010

Quadrupedal Hybrid Robot

Project Snow: Introduction

Project Snow is my next robotics venture. After being fascinated by number of hybrid wheeled-legged robots I decided to design my own Qudrupedal Hybrid robot.

My previous robot was based on a PIC16F877A microcontroller and had limited environmental sensing capabilities. Its autonomous capabilities relied on an infrared ranging sensor to detect objects and avoid collisions. Its arm was retrofitted with an end-effector to pick up objects. However, the arm was manually teleoperated by a graphical user interface on a remote computer by means of wireless communications using peer-to-peer RF transceivers.

After being inspired by famous robots like the Big Dog from Boston Dynamics and Halluc-II - a Japanese robot, which boast advanced quadrupedal and octopedal locomotion respectively, I
started the design work on my next robot during the winter of 2007-2008, when we had record snowfall in Toronto, ON - hence the name for this project.

Highlights of Snow

System Overview
This robot will have an on board ASUS motherboard powered by an Intel Pentium processor at its core, running a custom software written in Visual Basic and will use image processing capabilities ofRoborealm embedded in the VB application. The OS will be a stripped down version of Windows XP which will happily run on 1GB RAM.

The robot will be endowed with fixed infrared sensors on its front, rear and sides to sense its environment. These sensors will act more like ears, reacting in real-time to intruders and obstacles in its path. These sensors will allow the robot to "listen" to its surroundings and the software will compensate to avoid collisions.

For its eyes, a 3 megapixel camera will give it vision capabilities and with RoboRealm, the robot can be programmed to react to objects of different shapes and colors, as well as aid in navigation. The camera will be mounted on a turret to allow for 180deg pan angle and 90deg tilt angle.

The design of this robot will be quadrupedal hybrid type. 'Quadrupedal' implies that the robot will “walk” on four legs like any quadruped animal. 'Hybrid' means that it will have leg and wheel combination. While the legs will give it the Maneuverability to climb low profile objects or traverse uneven terrain, the wheels will give it the agility to react to sudden threats. While this may not exactly allow it to dodge bullets, it can, for example, move back quickly to protect itself from a slamming door or a charging dog and turn with within zero-radius.

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